Interventional procedures includes a variety of image-guided procedures and includes elements of endoscopy and radiology.
In general it uses the guidance of fluoroscopy (moving x-rays), sometimes also with endoscopes, in order to treat a specific condition.
The most common interventional procedures that I perform include:
More complex vascular procedures are typically performed as part of multi-disciplinary teams (internal medicine, soft tissue surgery, radiology):
A number of interventional procedures are also performed by specialist cardiologists including: